Table of Contents
What Are Bedbugs?
Bedbugs are tiny insects that feed on the blood of humans and animals, they’re nocturnal insects that multiply speedily if not eliminated quickly. They’re very small in size, they’re oval-shaped, flat and rusty-brown in colour. Unlike other bugs, they cannot jump nor fly. They tend to be active at night, and they’re excellent at hiding in dark, soft places and crevices. This makes the mattress an ideal spot for them to settle, hence the name bedbug. They crawl out of their dark crevices at night to feed on blood which results in those infamous bedbug bites. Although they won’t spread any disease, their bites are itchy and uncomfortable, hence we need to know how to get rid of bedbugs
Females can lay up to 250 eggs during their lifetime of about two to four months. Eggs are laid in cracks and crevices and are oval and white in colour.
Bedbugs can be very persistent, so you will need to demonstrate a greater level of persistence if you want to eliminate them quickly. These home remedies will get rid of bedbugs in your home and they are easy to carry out. And also quite cheap; you’re not paying anybody to do it for you and the material you need, some of them you already have in your kitchen!
How do Bedbugs get into a house?
Contrary to popular belief, bedbugs don’t have anything to do with dirt – so an extra shower a day won’t keep them at bay!
As bedbugs feed on blood, anywhere with animals or humans is, technically, an ideal place for them to set up camp. Though it seems like they spontaneously appear, bedbugs come in from the outside. Bedbugs move from place to place after feeding and can hide in anything from bedsheets to your t-shirt, meaning you can pick bedbugs up during travels to hotels, friends’ houses or even from buying used clothes or furniture and your home’s likely to bear the brunt of it.
9 Home Remedies to Get Rid of BedBugs
Suck those babies up with a strong vacuum cleaner and a powerful hose attachment. You should probably vacuum at least every few days while battling an infestation. Vacuum your bed thoroughly, not only concentrating on the mattress but the headboard and slats too. Also, vacuum your pieces of furniture too especially soft furniture like sofas.
Start on elevated surfaces and slowly make your way downward, paying special attention to the carpet, floors and any cracks in the walls or floorboards. Also, check electrical appliances like fans and even your laptop for signs of an infestation.
Discard the vacuum bag outside, as far away from your home as possible, after vacuuming.
2. Steam Cleaning
Steam clean places the vacuum couldn’t reach. The heat will kill the bedbugs and eggs, the bedbugs will die when exposed to temperatures exceeding 140 degrees Fahrenheit. Do not forget to follow the steam cleaner’s instructions carefully to avoid damaging your furniture in the process.
Borax is another quick and easy way to treat bedbugs. To suffocate the bugs, generously sprinkle borax on the mattress, then spray on water. Borax is also useful when it comes to washing affected items – add some to your washing machine to ensure those bugs are gone for good.
4. Washing all Clothes and Bedding
Wash everything that’s been exposed to the bedbugs infection. The combination of hot water and dryer heat will help kill off the colony.
5. Rubbing Alcohol
Alcohol kills bedbugs on contact. To use this remedy for getting rid of bedbugs simply pour alcohol in a spray bottle and spritz away.
6. Scented Dryer Sheets
The smell from the dryer sheets can repel the insects and even encourage them to seek out other spots to inhabit. But for this home remedy to work effectively, you must put the scented dryer sheets in every nook and cranny of your house, to prevent the bedbugs from finding a hospitable place inside your house. The sent of the dryer sheet to be in every corner of the house.
7. Baking Soda
You already know that baking soda absorbs moisture in the refrigerator, but did you know that it also sucks moisture out of bedbugs bodies? To use this powder, spread it wherever find bugs, including cracks and crevices. Be sure to vacuum and reapply every few days. Treating bedbugs with baking soda is timely – you’ll need to repeat the process of sprinkling and vacuuming regularly in order to banish them.
Vinegar is as strong as it smells when it comes to banishing bedbugs. It’s also something most of us have in our homes, making it the ideal emergency home remedy to use.
However, it’s important to remember that whilst vinegar will kill bedbugs by damaging their nervous systems, it won’t do anything for eggs.
Saturate the edges of the infected area (such as underneath and around furniture) with white distilled vinegar, and then directly onto bedbugs. This way, when they flee, they won’t be able to escape the vinegar.
9. Diatomaceous Earth
Diatomaceous Earth is a miracle against all types of bugs, including fleas. It’s made from naturally-occurring sedimentary rock that’s crumbled into a fine powder. This product is often considered the most effective of all the natural bed bug treatments, killing more than 90% of bedbugs. It’s also cheap and easy to use – its powdered form means it can be sprinkled into even the smallest of cracks and crevices.
To use, spread pure diatomaceous earth all over the floor and in cracks and crevices. You should slowly start to see dead bedbugs, which you can vacuum away. Repeat the process several times, until all bedbugs appear to have been eradicated.
Don’t put it on your mattress, because those shards, though microscopic, can get into your lungs and cause damage.
Getting Rid of BedBugs with Herbal Remedies
Tea tree oil is a fresh-smelling essential oil that has antimicrobial properties, so it does double duty as a cleaning agent in your home. It kills bacteria and fungi and neutralizes viruses on contact. When it comes to bed ]bugs, tea tree oil not only works to kill them but also to mask the human smells which would usually attract them. It works on these insects by suffocating them as the oil works its way into their system
It’s most effective when used undiluted, but the undiluted version isn’t safe for humans. To use dilute about twenty drops of pure tea tree oil with 200ml water in a spray bottle and spray onto affected areas.
Essential oils like citronella, eucalyptus, lavender, mint, and rosemary work better and faster in getting rid of bedbugs in your house.
Put a few drops of essential oil on small cotton wool and rub on unto your bed frame and at the corners of your furniture. Repeat this daily for amazing results.
The smell of lavender makes a bed bug feel nauseous and can even lead to their death. Most humans, however, find the scent quite pleasant. Triple the effectiveness of this solution by washing items with lavender soap, spraying diluted essential oils and spreading leaves over affected areas.
Peppermint leaves have the same effect as lavender oil and leaves. Utilize the same strategies and don’t forget to regularly vacuum up old leaves and replace them with fresh versions until the infestation is gone.
Black Walnut Tea
This variety of tea is a natural insect repellent. To employ this strategy, simply take your used tea bags and put them in areas that are infested with the bugs. Place them around the house, in every nook, cranny, and corner you can think of.
Bean leaves work kind of like natural flypaper to trap insects, including bedbugs. Back in 1943, researchers discovered that the microscopic hairs on the leaves worked to both entangle and impale the limbs of these critters. Put these leaves on the floor of any room with unwanted inhabitants and prepare to be impressed.
The leaves of Indian Lilac have a similar effect to other plant-based, herbal remedies. You can crush the leaves and spread them about. Or alternatively, boil the leaves, strain the solution and add it to your bathwater. The result is that bedbugs no longer to snack on you!
This technique can be used for closet and clothes infestations. Spray the solution in closets, on sofas, and around the home to repel these critters.
One of the natural repellents to insects are Mint leaves and most insects hate the smell of this plant and bedbugs are no exception. Mint leaves can be a preventive measure, i.e you can use mint leaves to prevent bedbugs from entering your house.
To get rid of bedbugs all you need to do is to place crushed mint leaves around entry points, it will dissuade them from coming into your home. You can also sprinkle the crushed mint leaves around sleeping areas. They’re also safe to use in your closet and directly on your mattress.
You can also put dried mint leaves packet between your linen closets and mattress. The mint leaf will dry up the bedbugs in no time. Repeat this exercise every 3-5 days for best results.
Unlike some of the other natural solutions that only repel the insects, lemongrass actually kills bedbugs. The acid levels kill the bugs and their eggs. Plus, they hate the smell, so it does also serve as a repellent.
Turmeric powder includes curcumin, which is a strong antimicrobial substance creating conditions not conducive for a bed bug. The bug has to perish in these conditions after a few minutes. Curcumin depletes the oxygen level inside the mattresses and this leads to the death of the parasites. All you need is a bowl of turmeric powder to get rid of the bugs. Carefully spread the powder on the entire mattress and corners of your home. Make sure you do this regularly to get rid of the bedbugs faster.
Cayenne Pepper Solution
If you have noticed signs of bedbugs in your home, you need to take immediate corrective measures to eliminate these insects fast. Cayenne pepper when mixed with other natural items like ginger and oregano, works to kill a bed bug on contact and the spiciness of ginger and cayenne pepper and the strong smell of oregano oil repel the bedbugs.
Here’s how to make Cayenne pepper solution:
- Mix one teaspoon each of cayenne pepper, ground ginger, and oregano oil.
- Strain the ingredients and add to a spray bottle filled with water.
- Mix these natural ingredients together and boil for about seven minutes. (This is optional).
- Spray to your heart’s content but remember to cover your nose and eye while on that. Also, wear your hand gloves.
- You can do these regularly, till the bedbugs are completely gone.
How to Get Rid of Bedbugs Using a Pesticide
You can also get rid of bedbugs using pesticides is one of the quickest methods for treating bedbugs.
How do you get rid of bedbugs by yourself using pesticides? We got the answer for you
- First, prepare the bedbugs infected area.
- Get your pesticide.
- Spray the pesticide all over the mattress, including around corners, and inseams. Next, spray the bed, including the headboard, slats and inside any drawers, being sure to get right into the corners. If you have a particularly bad infestation, you may see some bedbugs emerging from their hiding spots in an attempt to flee the poison.
- After some time, vacuum the entire bed once more to remove any dead bedbugs. Keep a close eye on things over the days that follow and carry out additional treatments as necessary.